Problem of Rohingya Repatriation and Current Trends of Violence: A Critical Analysis

a Md. Masudur Rahman, b Md. Humaun Kabir

a Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, Jatiya Kabi Kazi Nazrul Islam University, Mymensingh-2224, Bangladesh.

b Research Manager, Bangladesh Peace Observatory (BPO), Centre for Alternatives (CA), University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.


This study attempts to examine in what manner violent and non-violent incidents of Rohingya are increasing in Bangladesh especially in the camps in Cox’s Bazar since August 2017 due to the delay of sustainable repatriation. It also investigates how increasing violent incidents among the Rohingya make the threat for themselves as well as for the people of Cox’s Bazar in Bangladesh. From the first influx of 1.3 million Rohingya, the camps are becoming a red zone of growing violent activities. Continuous delay of the repatriation process of those stateless people is creating possibilities for expanding criminal activities among them. To some extent, it is recorded, Rohingyas are involved in violent activities with the local people as well as the law enforcement agencies inside and outside the camps. Unexpectedly, there may have the same risk of violence in the relocated Rohingya refugees in the Bhasan Char (an Island in the Bay of Bengal). Against this backdrop, this is a mixed-method study where case studies and in-depth interviews are conducted as a qualitative method. Moreover, it analyzes the secondary numeric data from Bangladesh Police and Bangladesh Peace Observatory (BPO) database. Overall scenarios of violence from the Rohingyas inside and outside the camp areas are posing challenges for Bangladesh. Only sustainable repatriation can stop the turbulence among the Rohingya residing in Bangladesh.

Keywords: Rohingya, Repatriation, Violence, Bangladesh


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