Female Participation from Bangladesh in UN Peacekeeping Operations: Challenges and Opportunities
Daiyan Ibn Hasan
Lead Specialist under the People-to-People Contact Division at the BIMSTEC Secretariat. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com.Abstract
In their landmark Resolution 1325 on WPS, the UNDPKO, UN police, UNGA, and UNSC support the implications of women peacekeepers participating in the UN mission. The disparity between the intended and actual implementation of the mandate, the lack of equal opportunity for women, the existence of gender protection norms, and gender stereotypes are just a few of the many factors that contribute to the stagnation in the number of female peacekeepers despite these efforts. These factors also make it difficult for TCCs like Bangladesh to recruit more female peacekeepers for UN peacekeeping operations. Bangladesh, one of the major TCCs, is currently leading the change by recruiting and sending female police, civilian, and peacekeepers to UN missions. Against this backdrop, this article investigates female participation from Bangladesh in UN peacekeeping operations. It also identifies the challenges and opportunities for Bangladeshi female peacekeepers.
Keywords: Bangladesh female peacekeeprs, UN peacekeeping, Women in Peacekeeping and Peacebuinding.
References:Basak, B. (2018). Trends and issues of women policing in Bangladesh: a socio-cultural analysis. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bangladesh (Hum.), 63(02), 183-204. Babul, P. (2014, Dec 02). Women’s role in ‘52, ‘71, Shahbagh. The Daily Star, Retrieved from https://www.thedailystar.net/womens-role-in-52-71- shahbagh-53033 Bangladesh Police Women’s Network. BPWN. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www. bpwn.org.bd/un_mission.php?fbclid=IwAR3mb46WZK1ph6HyUa4lolvTHh QTfeawXqa2myesi8CspbRT-BrCNOs86dg Belli, G. (2018). Strong Gender Focus Needed During UN Peacekeeping Discussions. NGO Working Group on Women, Peace, Security . Correspondent, S. (2016, Feb 29). First female officer leads contingent. The Daily Star Retrieved from https://www.thedailystar.net/frontpage/first-femaleofficer-leads-contingent-783856 Department of Peace Operations. (n.d.). Retrieved from United Nations Peacekeeping: https://peacekeeping.un.org/en/department-of-peace-operations Dhaka Tribune, (2018, January 30). Bangladesh to ensure women’s participation in peace, security efforts. Retrieved from https://archive.dhakatribune.com/ bangladesh/2018/01/30/bangladesh-womens-participate-peace-securityefforts Division, P. M. (2022, December 19). Female Participation of Bangladesh in UN Peace Operation. Retrieved from Female Participation of Bangladesh in UN Peace Operation, Armed Forces Division(AFD): https://afd.gov.bd/unpeacekeeping/female-participation Failures, P. I. (2022, September 23). Peacekeeping in Haiti: Successes and Failures. Retrieved from Frederick S. Pardee School of Global Studies: https://sites. bu.edu/pardeeatlas/back2school/peacekeeping-in-haiti-successes-and-failures/ Female Bangladeshi peacekeepers inspire the women of Wau to join security forces – South Sudan. (2020, February 05). Retrieved from ReliefWeb: https:// reliefweb.int/report/south-sudan/female-bangladeshi-peacekeepers-inspirewomen-wau-join-security-forces Khan, M. (2018, December 2022). Maliha Khan. The Daily Star. Retrieved from https://www.thedailystar.net/star-weekend/sexual-harassment/sexual-abusethe-hands-un-peacekeepers-1581139 Kronsell, Annica. (2012) Gender, Sex, and the Postnational Defense: Militarism and Peacekeeping. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Kumar, A. (2022). Bangladeshi Women in UN Peacekeeping. Journal of Defence Studies. Newby, V. (2019, Aril 4). Challenges for female peacekeepers can come from within UN militaries. Office, P. M. (n.d.). Female Participation of Bangladesh in UN Peace Operation. Retrieved from Female Participation of Bangladesh in UN Peace Operation | Armed Forces Division(AFD): https://afd.gov.bd/un-peacekeeping/femaleparticipation Peacekeeping, U. N. (n.d.). What we do Peacekeeping. Retrieved from United Nations: What we do Peacekeeping Peacekeeping, U. (n.d.). Promoting women, peace and security Peacekeeping. Retrieved from United Nations: https://peacekeeping.un.org/en/promotingwomen-peace-and-security Publication, U. N. (2011, January 01). International Legal Protection of Human Rights in Armed Conflict. Retrieved from OHCHR: https://www.ohchr.org/ sites/default/files/Documents/Publications/HR_in_armed_conflict.pdf Release, P. (2020, May 30). United Nations issues stamps on the occasion of UN Peacekeepers Day, marking the Birth Centenary of the Father of the Nation of Bangladesh. Retrieved from Permanent Mission of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh to the United Nations: https://bdun.org/2020/05/29/unitednations-issues-stamps-on-the-occasion-of-un-peacekeepers-day-marking-thebirth-centenary-of-the-father-of-the-nation-of-bangladesh/ Salahuddin, S. T. (2020). Women in United Nations Peacekeeping Operations:. BIISS Journal. Sudan, U. U. (n.d.). Female Bangladeshi peacekeepers inspire the women of Wau to join security forces. Retrieved from Unmiss United Nations Mission in South Sudan: https://unmiss.unmissions.org/female-bangladeshi-peacekeepersinspire-women-wau-join-security-forces Sultana, S. T. (2020). Women in United Nations Peacekeeping operations: Drivers and Barriers of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Institute of International and Strategic Studies (BIISS), 41 (1). The Daily Star. (n.d.). Bangladesh & The World::15th Anniversary Special. Retrieved from archive.thedailystar.net: https://archive.thedailystar.net/ suppliments/2006/15thanniv/bangladesh&theworld/bd_world18.htm UNB. (2022, November 28). Bangladesh a role model for women’s participation in UN peacekeeping: PM Hasina. The Financial Express, Retrieved from thefinancialexpress.com.bd: https://thefinancialexpress.com.bd/national/ bangladesh-a-role-model-for-womens-participation-in-un-peacekeeping-pmhasina-1669615618 UNB. (2022, November 28). Bangladesh is a role model for women’s participation in UN peacekeeping: PM Hasina. The Business Standard. Retrieved from https://www.tbsnews.net/bangladesh/bangladesh-role-model-womensparticipation-un-peacekeeping-pm-hasina-540530 UNFICYP. (n.d.). Retrieved from UNFICYP: https://unficyp.unmissions.org/ Women in Peacekeeping. (n.d.). Retrieved from United Nations Peacekeeping : https://peacekeeping.un.org/en/women-peacekeeping