Foreign Policy Priorities of Bangladesh in the Next Five Years (2024-2028)


Although a new government in Bangladesh has recently been formed, there is a continuity of leadership. Sheikh Hasina has assumed the responsibility of a prime minister for the fourth consecutive term. In this context, it is worthwhile to examine the priorities of her government in the foreign policy domain. Analysts generally believe that in this modern era of connectivity and interdependence, implementing a strategic and dynamic foreign policy is a precondition to navigate through the complex geopolitical landscape of global politics and bring about prosperity for a nation. As a graduating to a developing nation Bangladesh requires more investment and infrastructural development for its people. It will be prudent for Bangladesh to focus on prioritizing its foreign policy in such a way that would enhance its economic prosperity and national security. It may also focus on enhancing its global image and prestige while increasing its soft power in the global political domain. After the independence, Bangladesh was viewed as an aid recipient country, to a larger extent. It had an image of a ‘poverty stricken’, ‘natural calamities prone’ and ‘politically unstable’ nation for decades. Bangladesh is now considered a ‘development miracle’ and a strategically important country by the regional and extra-regional powers. The initiation of Bangladesh-US and later Bangladesh-UK Strategic Dialogue is a testimony towards Bangladesh’s increasing importance to the global powers. Against this backdrop, this working paper aims to present a clear understanding of Bangladesh’s foreign policy priorities based on the country’s domestic needs and global situations which constantly influence the economy and politics of Bangladesh. Methodologically, the working paper is based on analytical review of secondary sources of information.

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