Sheikh Hasina’s Visit to the Munich Security Conference, 2024: Importance, Outcomes, and Implications for Bangladesh

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The Report assesses the importance, outcomes, and impact of Bangladesh’s participation in the Munich Security Conference 2024 which has become a major global platform and a process to discuss international security issues and concerns. The Munich Security Conference (MSC) is the world’s leading forum for debating international security policy. Since its inception in 1963, the MSC has served as a pivotal arena for both official and unofficial diplomatic engagements, fostering innovative solutions to the world’s most pressing security issues. The MSC 2024, commemorating its 60th anniversary, assumes great importance in the backdrop of growing geopolitical tensions and rivalries in different regions. Countries are becoming more concerned about relative gain thinking which impedes global cooperation in addressing key challenges. In this background, the MSC 2024 played a pivotal role in bringing together over 450 influential leaders and policy makers from different countries including 50 heads of state and 100 ministers to discuss those pressing issues the world is currently facing.

Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina participated in the conference as a prominent global statesperson. She delivered her remarks at a panel discussion titled ‘From Pocket to Planet: Scaling Up Climate Finance,’ presenting six proposals aimed at urging world leaders to allocate climate finance for affected nations, cease the arms race, and allocate these funds to climate-focused initiatives. Additionally, Prime Minister Hasina engaged in bilateral meetings with numerous world leaders, including German Chancellor Olaf Scholz, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky, Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte, Azerbaijan President Ilham Aliyev, Qatari Prime Minister Mohammed bin Abdulrahman Al-Thani, and Danish Prime Minister Mette Frederiksen.

Her participation underscores Bangladesh’s active role in international diplomacy and foreign policy, as evidenced by her previous attendance at similar conferences in 2017 and 2019. Furthermore, her presence at the summit, which convened approximately 50 heads of government and 100 ministers in 2024, underscores Bangladesh’s commitment to global peace-building and regional stability. Despite the conference’s European location, it provided an opportunity for Bangladesh to strengthen relations with European development partners.

This report delves into the background and significance of Bangladesh’s participation in the Munich Security Conference 2024, offering an overview of the country’s engagement, the agenda discussed, and the outcomes achieved. It analyzes Bangladesh’s motivations for participating in the conference, highlighting the achievements garnered during the event. Furthermore, the report explores how Bangladesh’s presence at the conference served to amplify the leadership of Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, bolstering her international standing and influence. Additionally, it discusses the role of Bangladesh in enhancing its national image and diplomatic role on the global stage, as well as the advancements made in bilateral relations with key stakeholders. Moreover, the report examines Bangladesh’s contributions to multilateral cooperation and collaborative endeavors on a global scale, emphasizing its commitment to fostering peace, stability, and cooperation in the international arena.

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