Bangladesh and the Rohingya Crisis: Upholding Humanitarianism and Justice

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In an unprecedented humanitarian move, Bangladesh has hosted more than 1.2 million Rohingyas from Myanmar in its own soils at the direction of the Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina who was subsequently called as ‘mother of humanity’. Subjected to repeated moves of war crimes by the Myanmar military (Tatmadaw), the Rohingyas have fled their homeland on many occasions and took shelters in Bangladesh in a large number. While the major powers of the world were silent to protect the Rohingya people, Bangladesh opened doors for them which protected them from deaths, rape, and torture. Sheikh Hasina pronounced that ‘Without waiting for any external assistance, we’ve made arrangement for accommodation, food and medicine.’ Bangladesh has been a safe haven for the Rohingyas since the 2017 exodus. They received warm welcome from local communities, shelter, food, clothing, treatment, and medicine. Bangladesh government extended support after they opened border in mobilizing the local administration, police, and army to maintain law and order. Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina herself visited the camps and her empathy remained iconic to represent Bangladeshi compassion.

Bangladesh has to spend $1.2 billion each year to support the Rohingyas. This is a huge sum of money for a least developed country with 170 million people. In addition, its own population in the local areas of Cox’s bazar face inadequate resources like jobs, money, and livelihood. Bangladesh has created a new example of providing shelter to more than 1.2 million Rohingyas despite Bangladesh’s internal/domestic challenges, which has created a new image of the country in the world as a ‘humanitarian’ Bangladesh. The global community must come forward to ensure rehabilitation of the Rohingyas to their homeland, Myanmar where they can stay in dignity and with safety. In this context, the book maps out the contribution of Bangladesh to address the Rohingya crisis and it is divided into ten sections, including an introduction and a conclusion. The book argues that Bangladesh has been supporting the Rohingyas in multifarious ways as part of its humanitarian approach to global problems.

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