Development now-a-days is not only conceived as material or economic advancements, but also understood as a process that embraces both tangible and intangible ingredients of human life. The abstractization of the approaches to development includes human process where capability of human being is conceived as both agent and structure. Human beings are not only a mere receiver of development, but also an active agent of change. Besides, traditionally, development has been equated with economic growth under the influence of neoliberal philosophy. Amid diverse outlook of development, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) initiated the idea of Human Development Index (HDI) to assess the human development progress of the countries in the world with based on certain indicators. In the HDI, South Asia prominently features human development reporting over the past three decades. As we observe, in the last few decades South Asia has been developing impressively in almost every sectors of socio-economic fetters of development. In this context, the report examines trends and directions of human development in South Asia. The report analyses data from human development reports to understand the existing reality in the region in connection with human development.