Bangladesh’s Diplomatic Success in the International Maritime Organization


On December 1, 2023, Bangladesh achieved a landmark victory by securing a seat on the prestigious 175-member International Maritime Organization (IMO) council. This triumph in category C during the 2023 election held at the IMO headquarters in London marks a historic moment for Bangladesh, positioning the nation as a key player in shaping global maritime policies and practices. This article delves into the implications of Bangladesh’s election to the IMO’s elite 40-member council, exploring the significance of its maritime endeavors, the challenges it aims to address, and the broader impact on international trade and sustainability.

Bangladesh, a nation with a rich maritime history, has long been intricately linked with the sea. The election victory in category C, which secured an impressive 128 votes, is particularly noteworthy as it is the first time Bangladesh has clinched a win in this highly competitive category. The international community’s recognition of Bangladesh’s maritime leadership reflects a testament to the nation’s commitment to sustainable practices, adherence to international conventions, and dedication to advancing the global maritime agenda.

Bangladesh’s success in securing a position on the IMO’s elite council holds far-reaching implications for its maritime landscape. With approximately 90 percent of the nation’s international trade conducted by sea, the maritime sector plays a pivotal role in Bangladesh’s economic growth. The newly elected council will be instrumental in negotiating key issues that will shape Bangladesh’s shipping and maritime industry during its term from 2024 to 2025.

One of the focal points for Bangladesh on the global maritime stage is the transition of its maritime ports into green, digitalized, and smarter facilities. As the nation grapples with the challenges posed by climate change and environmental degradation, sustainable port practices have become paramount. The IMO council presents a platform for Bangladesh to collaborate with other member states in developing and implementing innovative solutions for greener and more efficient ports.

Moreover, Bangladesh’s commitment to the Hong Kong Convention on ship recycling and the usage of greener fuels aligns with the global push towards environmentally responsible shipping. By actively participating in the IMO’s decision-making processes, Bangladesh can contribute to the formulation of international standards that promote sustainable ship recycling practices and reduce the environmental impact of maritime activities.

As Bangladesh assumes its role on the IMO council, it is poised to address a myriad of challenges affecting the global maritime community. These challenges extend beyond the nation’s borders and have implications for international trade, maritime safety, security, and marine pollution.

The strategic location of Bangladesh, nestled in the heart of South Asia, positions it as a key player in facilitating international seaborne trade. With 10 percent of the world’s population residing in South Asia, the region’s economic growth is intricately tied to efficient and secure maritime transport. Bangladesh’s representation on the IMO council offers an opportunity to advocate for policies that enhance regional and global trade connectivity, fostering economic development.

Furthermore, the IMO’s role in regulating global shipping standards is critical in ensuring the safety of seafarers and preventing marine pollution. Bangladesh, with its commitment to maritime safety and environmental sustainability, can actively contribute to the development of policies that safeguard the well-being of those working at sea and protect marine ecosystems.

The IMO council for the 2024-2025 biennium includes states from three categories, each bringing a unique perspective and set of interests to the table. Bangladesh falls into category C, which comprises 20 states not elected under categories A or B. These states have special interests in maritime transport or navigation, ensuring the representation of all major geographic areas of the world.

The diversity of the council members provides a platform for collaborative decision-making that reflects the varied needs and concerns of different regions. Bangladesh, along with other category C states such as the Bahamas, Chile, Indonesia, and Saudi Arabia, will contribute to a comprehensive dialogue that considers the interests of nations with specific maritime challenges and opportunities.

The visionary leadership of Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has played a crucial role in positioning Bangladesh as a maritime leader. By actively engaging with international organizations such as the IMO, Bangladesh demonstrates its commitment to fostering global cooperation and addressing shared challenges. The bold decision to compete in the IMO council election underscores the nation’s determination to play a proactive role in shaping the future of the maritime industry.

The IMO, as the only UN specialized body that regulates global shipping standards, wields significant influence over ship operating flag states, seafarers, and maritime safety, security, and marine pollution. Bangladesh’s election to the IMO council amplifies its international recognition as a responsible and capable maritime nation.

The collaborative nature of the IMO allows member states to work together in addressing complex maritime challenges. The newly elected council members, including Bangladesh, will play a pivotal role in supervising the organization’s work and shaping its agenda. Between sessions of the Assembly, the Council performs the functions of the Assembly, except that of making recommendations to governments on maritime safety and pollution prevention.

Bangladesh’s historic victory in securing a seat on the IMO’s Council marks a significant step forward for the nation’s maritime ambitions. The implications of this success extend beyond national borders, impacting international trade, maritime safety, and environmental sustainability. As Bangladesh actively engages with the global maritime community, it has the opportunity to contribute to the development of policies and standards that foster a safer, more sustainable, and interconnected maritime world. This victory is not just a testament to Bangladesh’s maritime prowess but also a commitment to collaborative global efforts in shaping the future of the maritime industry.

– Syed Raiyan Amir is a Research Associate at the KRF Center for Bangladesh and Global Affairs (CBGA).

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