African Déjà Vu: The Niger Coup and its Detrimental Impact on the People’s Future


In the heart of Africa’s unfolding narrative, a new chapter unfolds, bearing the weight of a somber tale woven with the threads of power shifts and tumultuous transitions. Once more, the world holds its collective breath, anticipating the reverberating repercussions of an African coup, a tempest of change that casts a shadow of unending sorrow upon the inhabitants of the land.

With the dawn of the 26 July 2023, a sudden upheaval danced across the canvas of the Sahelian nation named Niger, a country adorned with both natural beauty and historical complexities. The veils of uncertainty were woven even thicker as the coup unfurled its long-term tendrils, leaving behind an indelible imprint on the fabric of the nation. Niger, already beset by the trials of recent years, found itself entangled in a new struggle, a tapestry of challenges woven from the threads of adversity.

Yet, within this mosaic of turmoil, Niger emerges as a strategic gem, coveted by the great powers of our times. The symphony of global politics plays on its stage, with the Western and non-Western powers locked in a dance of polarities. This dance, a reflection of the global power struggle, casts its echoes upon the landscape of Niger, shaping the contours of its destiny.

Niger’s history, which spans over six decades of independence, is characterized by a recurring pattern of coups, creating an orchestrated instability that resists the embrace of tranquility. The nation has transformed into a region of persistent uncertainty due to prolonged periods of authoritarian rule. The trajectory of development has been marred by dissonant elements: minimal economic growth, the icy grip of poverty, the ominous shadow of famine, and the looming threat of terrorism. Therefore, in a world where the global economic stage is meticulously set, this particular juncture in Niger’s history carries profound significance. A fragile equilibrium must be delicately maintained, as the well-being of its citizen’s hinges upon the decisions that will unfold during these tumultuous times.

Why Is Niger Important?

Niger stretches out, touching the sun’s warmth, and carries significant importance due to its diverse attributes. Geographically, it claims the title of West Africa’s largest country, displaying expansive deserts meeting lush oases, narrating tales of contrast and beauty. Furthermore, the country holds a unique position as a connector between Western and Eastern Africa, facilitated by both sea ports and land routes.

In the realm of politics, Niger shines as a steadfast symbol of democratic stability in recent times. While its neighbors, Mali and Burkina Faso, underwent military takeovers, Niger remained committed to peaceful governance, demonstrating its dedication to progress. Hence, the occurrence of coups has cast uncertainty over the country’s peaceful governance. Strategically, Niger is really important, with world politics recognizing its value. Its home to both French and American military bases, making it a key place in the fight against rebellion. Many countries work together here to battle the threat of extremist groups.

Niger’s importance extends across the sea, as words of praise come from far away. Even the US State Department speaks highly of Niger, calling it a dependable partner against terrorism. This recognition comes from the nation’s efforts to stand against groups like Islamic State and al-Qaeda.

Economically, Niger holds something valuable under its sunny lands – uranium, a metal with both potential and risks. On the global economic stage, Niger plays a big role by contributing 7% of the world’s uranium supply. This impact is so huge that even the main street in the capital, Niamey, is named “Avenue de l’uranium,” celebrating the economic strength that flows through the country.

Furthermore, Niger has displayed encouraging economic growth in recent times, indicating a promising future and positioning itself as a potential regional economic leader in the years to come.

Niger GDP Growth Rate 2017-2022
Year GDP Growth (%) Annual Change
2022 11.50% 10.11%
2021 1.39% -2.16%
2020 3.55% -2.39%
2019 5.94% -1.27%
2018 7.21% 2.21%
2017 5.00% -0.74%

In every corner of its existence, from its geography to its politics, from its strategic alliances to its economic riches, Niger emerges as a constellation of importance, an emblem adorning the firmament of global awareness.

What Are The Consequences Could The Coup Have?

In the delicate ballet of global dynamics, the tendrils of consequence reach far and wide, as the echo of a coup resonates beyond the borders of Niger, transcending both land and time.

To begin with, the coup and resulting uncertainty have led to an increased likelihood of migration towards Europe and other regions. Due to the potential for civil conflict and the rise of terrorist activities, the prospect of significant migratory movement is quite evident. However, the coup’s tempestuous ripples carry with them the seeds of an unsettling spill, potentially sowing the seeds of more upheaval within the region. The vulnerability of this realm to the machinations of coups renders it akin to a delicate tapestry, where even a single thread unraveling can set the whole asunder.

In the midst of all that’s happening, there’s a worry about the economy not being stable. It’s like a dark cloud that’s making things uncertain. The prices of things are going up, and the economy is getting messed up. This is causing problems for the people in Niger. There’s also a danger of not having enough food and money, and this could affect people’s lives in the months to come.

What’s even more worrying is that there’s a chance that groups might try to hurt certain ethnic groups and that terrorism might become a bigger problem. These bad things are becoming a part of what’s going on. The unstable situation is like a place where these bad things are growing, and it’s making the future very unclear.

And, in the middle of all the consequences, it is human life that takes the brunt. The spectre of pain marries the tapestry of existence, which is laced with threads of desire and vulnerability. Death, that most last of notes, appears on the stage as a result of the dance between the political elite and the military orchestrators.

Moreover, West African countries issued a warning, threatening sanctions and perhaps military intervention if Niger’s coup leaders do not reinstate deposed President Mohammed Bazoum within a week. The grouping of 15 nations has previously deployed armed forces within its member states. However, it is unclear whether other ECOWAS members will support the notion of military action to resolve the current problem in Niger. Niger’s military authorities have not appeared keen to participate in dialogue, resulting in a lack of regional support for their leadership. As a result of this circumstance, Niger has emerged as a possible hotspot in the area.

Yet, within this tempestuous landscape, there are glimmers of light. President Bazoum’s vigilant eye has cast its gaze upon the machinations of human traffickers, those purveyors of suffering that navigate the pathways between West African realms and those that lie to the north. Through resolve and action, these pathways of misery are disrupted, a testament to the power of leadership in the face of adversity.

But, with the arrival of a military junta, does the curtain finally fall, or will the ghosts of insurgency continue their eerie dance? The echoes of history reverberate, portraying a panorama of neighboring territories that went through similar upheavals, their takeovers resonating with déjà vu. The weave of change appears to be stitched with familiar and enigmatic threads, a dance that leaves certain questions unexplained, leaving only the hope that wisdom will eventually win.

To summarize, the solutions to the issues ahead are hazy, like buried musical notes. The recent coup in the Sahel region has heightened the region’s instability. The influence of Western and non-Western forces is considerable in this region, making the future contingent on local and global players’ decisions. They can either help mankind and stability or fight for power. These decisions will determine the fate of the people of Niger.

– S. M. Saifee Islam is a Research Associate at the KRF Center for Bangladesh and Global Affairs (CBGA).

Published in Middle East Political and Economic Institute [Link] and Modern Ghana [Link]